Karpathos is the second largest of the Greek Dodecanese islands, in the southeastern Aegean Sea. Together with the neighbouring smaller island of Saria, it forms the municipality of Karpathos. Because of its remote location, Karpathos has preserved many peculiarities of dress, customs and dialect, the last resembling those of Crete and Cyprus The island has also been called Carpathus in Latin, Scarpanto in Italian and Kerpe in Turkish.
The island was in ancient and medieval times closely connected with Rhodes. Its current name is mentioned, with a slight shift of one letter, in Homer's Iliad as Krapathos (οἳ δ' ἄρα Νίσυρόν τ' εἶχον Κράπαθόν τε Κάσον τε).
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